Schmitt’s attempt beyond dualism

Carl Schmitt allows us to see not only the tradition of criticizing current systems of value, which takes us from Nietzsche to Weber, but also the ironic elements in Kant’s first appendix in a new light. Under the heading of political romanticism, Schmitt attacks the supposed heroism of true political action as reinforcing the underlying … Continue reading Schmitt’s attempt beyond dualism

Weber on ‘Beruf’

Nietzsche is a bridging figure within the genealogical narrative of this series of posts. He presents the culmination point of the ethical aspect of depoliticization critique: as ontology and universality retreat, ethics and politics occupy the foreground. We saw how the general will overcame particularity in Rousseau; how morality and politics remained ambivalent in Kant; … Continue reading Weber on ‘Beruf’

Nietzsche on ‘good Europeans’

For Nietzsche, 'complete' nihilism includes a perspective on Europe. Rousseau had followed Saint-Pierre in arguing for a European federation that could preserve peace: Kant had placed his sights on the entire world, believing that only a truly cosmopolitan expression of the notion of right would constitute a fully realized legal order in the sense required … Continue reading Nietzsche on ‘good Europeans’

Philosophical peace projects: Kant (3/3)

This straightforward mirroring relationship is in fact not Kant’s position. In order to show what such mirroring would entail, we need to consider Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s post-Kantian categories of dogmatism and idealism. For Fichte, dogmatism consists in the referencing of fact (Tatsache) as the justification of identity statements of the form A = A. In … Continue reading Philosophical peace projects: Kant (3/3)