Weber on ‘Beruf’

Nietzsche is a bridging figure within the genealogical narrative of this series of posts. He presents the culmination point of the ethical aspect of depoliticization critique: as ontology and universality retreat, ethics and politics occupy the foreground. We saw how the general will overcame particularity in Rousseau; how morality and politics remained ambivalent in Kant; … Continue reading Weber on ‘Beruf’

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Nietzsche on ‘good Europeans’

For Nietzsche, 'complete' nihilism includes a perspective on Europe. Rousseau had followed Saint-Pierre in arguing for a European federation that could preserve peace: Kant had placed his sights on the entire world, believing that only a truly cosmopolitan expression of the notion of right would constitute a fully realized legal order in the sense required … Continue reading Nietzsche on ‘good Europeans’

Philosophical peace projects: Kant (3/3)

This straightforward mirroring relationship is in fact not Kant’s position. In order to show what such mirroring would entail, we need to consider Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s post-Kantian categories of dogmatism and idealism. For Fichte, dogmatism consists in the referencing of fact (Tatsache) as the justification of identity statements of the form A = A. In … Continue reading Philosophical peace projects: Kant (3/3)

Philosophical peace projects: Kant (2/3)

So far, we have explored the extent to which Kant remains rooted in Rousseauian schemas. For both Rousseau and Kant, there is a higher-level principle which imposes itself on all and in that sense forecloses the possibility of politics. This is reflective of Kant’s will to totalizing system, or, in another vocabulary, his enthusiasm[1]. However, … Continue reading Philosophical peace projects: Kant (2/3)